Russia Passes Laws to Redomicile Overseas Russian-Owned Businesses to Offshore Financial Centers
Russian President Vladimir Putin has signed off a series of laws allowing Russian-controlled foreign offshore companies to be re-registered in offshore financial centers (OFCs) established in Russia’s Kaliningrad Region and Primorsky Territory in order to minimize the possible consequences of sanctions and political risks from foreign countries.
The legislation establishes the procedure of creating such areas on the Oktyabrsky Island in Kaliningrad and the Russky Island in Vladivostok, providing an opportunity for foreign-registered companies to become subject to Russia’s jurisdiction in a process known as redomiciliation and obtain the status of an international company. We wrote about the creation of the OFC in Kaliningrad here and in Vladivostok here.
To expedite the redomicilation, it will not be necessary to liquidate the company abroad; it will be enough to withdraw it from registration, register in the OFC, and obtain the status of an international company.
The status of an international company is provided simultaneously with the state registration of the company in a single state register of legal entities, but the company must commit to investing at least 50 million rubles (US$790,000) within six months from the date of state registration, and also meet a number of other requirements.
The re-registered company that received the international status is recognized as a foreign organization (non-resident), and at the same time as a Russian tax agent (resident). An international company will be free to carry out currency transactions and settlements stipulated by Russian legislation for non-residents without restrictions and will enjoy certain tax benefits as a resident at the same time.
For international holding companies (IHC) – the tax for income received as dividends as well as for sale of shares in the authorized capital of Russian or foreign organizations – is reduced to zero.
Tax on income received before 2029 by foreign entities in the form of dividends on shares of an IHC, which are public companies at the date of payment, will be 5 percent. In essence, redomiciled Russian IHC’s tax burden after redomiciliation in one of Russia’s two OFC will remain the same as achieved overseas.
The legislation also establishes an accelerated procedure for enforcing the decisions of permanent arbitration courts for disputes within the OFC — 14 days or less. At the same time, the party to the dispute has seven days to submit its objections from the date of the application.
The law also stipulates that personal yachts and other vessels not used for merchant shipping that belong to an OFC member and are registered abroad can be registered in the Russian open register of vessels only after they have been withdrawn from the register of vessels of a foreign state and the evidence confirming this fact is provided.
Chris Devonshire-Ellis of Dezan Shira & Associates comments: “These moves are not mandatory but will offer some protection for overseas Russian businesses whose overseas assets are increasingly being targeted by sanctions. Should Russian business owners agree, the Offshore Financial Centers in Kaliningrad will boom in terms of servicing the European markets, and Vladivostok likewise for Asia. We await the results of this new legislation with interest.”
Russia Briefing is produced by Dezan Shira & Associates. The firm provides business advisory and foreign investment services to international businesses throughout Asia and maintains partners in Moscow, St.Petersburg and Vladivostok. Please contact the firm at email@example.com or visit www.dezshira.com
In this issue of Russia Briefing, we explain the basics of business set up for foreign investors, from trademark registration, representation, trading mechanisms, and manufacturing. With low corporate tax rates, Russia is set to become the most dynamic of the trade corridors opening up to Asia.